Arts, Culture and Music

Arts, Culture and Music

Parma is a deeply European city. Over the centuries, it has been the centre of relations between the main European capitals, a role that became particularly significant after the Farnese period and before Marie-Louise, in the mid-eighteenth century, thanks to Duke Philip of Bourbon, who was the son of the king of Spain and who was married to Louise Elisabeth, Louis XV's daughter. This land has always been a crossroad for cultures and races. Marcel Proust used to describe it as “mauve in colour and sweet” and Stendhal chose it as the setting for his famous Charterhouse.

Parma has for centuries been a centre of attraction for tourists who love the arts, music and good food. Antelami, Correggio, Parmigianino, Verdi, Toscanini are world-famous and still exercise their force of attraction through the remarkable works they left behind.

The National Gallery demonstrates the richness of the City's culture with a number of paintings by famous artists such as Beato Angelico, Leonardo, Correggio, Parmigianino, El Greco, Carracci, Lanfranco, Van Dyck, Guercino, Pourbus the Younger, Tiepolo, Canaletto, Bellotto.

Memorabilia of Marie-Louise, Napoleon's wife, have been collected in the Glauco Lombardi Museum. An immense heritage of books (700 thousand volumes with incunabula and the largest collection of Hebrew illuminated manuscripts) is preserved in the Palatine Library, which also houses the Museum dedicated to Bodoni, the predecessor of modern printers.